Before Entering Paradise…

It is proven in al-Saheehayn that when the believers have crossed al-Siraat, they will be detained on a bridge between Paradise and Hell, where they will settle their scores with one another. Then when they have been cleansed and purified, they will be given permission to enter Paradise. It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When the believers have been saved from the Fire, then they will be detained on the bridge between Paradise and Hell. There they will settle the scores between them for any wrongs that they did to one another in this world, and when they have been cleansed and purified, they will be given permission to enter Paradise. By the One in Whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, each of them will recognize his dwelling in Paradise better than he recognizes his dwelling in this world.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6535.

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10 days of Dhul Hijjah: 4 Important Deeds

Importance of the First 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah:

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are no days on which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.” They said: “Not even jihad for the sake of Allaah?” He said: “Not even jihad for the sake of Allaah, unless a man goes out himself for jihad taking his wealth with him and does not come back with anything.”(Sahih Bukhari)

Four Important Deeds:

1- Fasting

It was narrated from Hunaydah ibn Khaalid from his wife, that one of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast on the first nine days of Dhu’l-Hijjah and the day of ‘Ashoora’, and three days each month, the first Monday of the month and two Thursdays.(Nasaa’i,  Abu Dawood; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani)

2-  Reciting tahmeed, tahleel and takbeer a great deal 

It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There are no days that are greater before Allaah or in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days, so recite a great deal of tahleel, takbeer and tahmeed during them.”(Ahmad, classed as saheeh by Ahmad Shaakir)

Note:

takbeer is saying Allaahu akbar (Allaah is most great)

tahmeed is saying al-hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allaah)

tahleel is saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (There is no god but Allaah)

tasbeeh is saying Subhaan-Allaah (Glory be to Allaah)

3-  Doing Hajj and ‘Umrah 

4- Udhiyah (sacrifice) 

The Bent Rib

-The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Treat women kindly, for woman was created from a bent rib, and the most crooked part of the rib is the top part, so treat women kindly.”

(Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

-In another narration he صلى الله عليه وسلم  said: “Woman was created from a rib, and if you try to straighten a rib you will break it, so deal with her gently.”

(Musnad Ahmad)

Upholding ties of kinship

“And Those who sever(relations) that which Allah has ordered to be joined and spread corruption on earth – for them is the curse, and they will have the worst home”

(Chapter 13, Surah Ar-Ra’d, Ayah 25)

Narrated ‘Aisha رضی اللہ عنہا: (the wife of the Prophet) The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The word ‘Ar-Rahm’ (womb) derives its name from ‘Ar-Rahman’ (i.e. Allah). So whosoever keeps good relations with it (womb i.e. Kith and kin), Allah will keep good relations with him, and whosoever will sever it (i.e. severs his bonds of Kith and kin) Allah too will sever His relations with him.
(Sahih Bukhari)

Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه reported that a person said: Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم, I have relatives with whom I try, to have close relationship, but they sever (this relation). I treat them well, but they treat me ill. I am sweet to them but they are harsh towards me. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: If it is so as you say, then you in fact throw hot ashes (upon their faces) and there would always remain with you on behalf of Allah (an Angel to support you) who would keep you dominant over them so long as you adhere to this (path of righteousness).
(Sahih Muslim)

Narrated Abdullah bin ‘Amrرضي الله عنه: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Al-Wasil is not the one who recompenses the good done to him by his relatives, but Al-Wasil is the one who keeps good relations with those relatives who had severed the bond of kinship with him.”

(Sahih Bukhari)

Stranger than ever!

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“Islam initiated as something strange, and it would revert to its (old position) of being strange. so good tidings for the stranger.”
(Sahih Muslim)

It was asked,“Who are those strangers, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “Those that correct the people when they become corrupt.”

(Reported by Abu Amr al-Dani, from the hadith of ibn Masoud. It is authentic according to al-Albani)

Another narration says,“Those that correct my sunnah which has been corrupted by the people after me.”

In another narration he said in response to the same question, “They are a small group of people among a large evil population. Those who oppose them are more than those who follow them.”

(Reported by ibn Asaakir. It is authentic according to al-Albani)

Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar رضي الله عنه said, “Allah’s Apostle صلى الله عليه وسلم took hold of my shoulder and said,

“Be in this world as if you were a stranger or a traveler.”

Ibn ‘Umar رضي الله عنه used to say, “If you survive till the evening, do not expect to be alive in the morning, and if you survive till the morning, do not expect to be alive in the evening, and take from your health for your sickness, and (take) from your life for your death.”
(Sahih Bukhari)

Al-Hasan al-Basri [a very famous Follower – tabi` – known for his piety, asceticism and knowledge] said, “A believer is a stranger in this world, he is never afraid of its humiliation, and he never competes for its glory. The people are in one situation and he is in a different situation. The people are content with him, yet he is in turmoil [Literally, “tired”] with himself.”

Becoming closer to Allah through Nawafil (supererogatory prayers)

Abu Hurairah ؓ reported: Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Allah, the Exalted, has said: `I will declare war against him who treats with hostility a pious worshipper of Mine. And the most beloved thing with which My slave comes nearer to Me, is what I have enjoined upon him; and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing Nawafil (voluntary prayers or doing extra deeds besides what is obligatory) until I love him, (so much so that) I become his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks Me something, I will surely give him, and if he seeks My Protection (refuge), I will surely protect him”.
( Sahih Bukhari)

Charity

And spend [in the way of Allah] from what We have provided you before death approaches one of you and he says, “My Lord, if only You would delay me for a brief term so I would give charity and be among the righteous (those who do good).”

(Surah Al-Munafiqun, Ayah: 10)

Who has to give charity?

Narrated Abu Burda ؓ: from his father from his grandfather that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Every Muslim has to give in charity.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Prophet! If someone has nothing to give, what will he do?” He said, “He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns).” The people further asked, “If he cannot find even that?” He replied, “He should help the needy who appeal for help.” Then the people asked, “If he cannot do that?” He replied, “Then he should perform good deeds and keep away from evil deeds and this will be regarded as charitable deeds.”  (Bukhari)

How can I give charity?

Men:

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam ؓ The Prophet ﷺ said, “The upper hand is better than the lower hand (i.e. he who gives in charity is better than him who takes it). One should start giving first to his dependents. And the best object of charity is that which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is left after his expenses). And whoever abstains from asking others for some financial help, Allah will give him and save him from asking others, Allah will make him self-sufficient.” (Bukhari)

The Prophet ﷺ said: “You never spend anything but you will be rewarded for it, even the morsel of food that you lift to your wife’s mouth.” (Agreed upon)

Women:

Narrated ‘Aisha ؓ: Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said, “When a woman gives in charity some of the foodstuff (which she has in her house) without spoiling it, she will receive the reward for what she has spent, and her husband will receive the reward because of his earning, and the storekeeper will also have a reward similar to it. The reward of one will not decrease the reward of the others. ”

It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri ؓ said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out – on Eid al-Fitr or Eid al-Adha – to the prayer place, and when he had finished (the prayer) he preached to the people and enjoined them to give charity. He said, “O people, give in charity!” Then he went over to the women and said, “O women, give in charity for I have seen that you are the majority of the people of Hell.” When he went home, Zaynab the wife of Ibn Mas’ood came seeking permission to see him. It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, here is Zaynab.” He said, “Which Zaynab?” It was said, “The wife of Ibn Mas’ood.” He said, “Yes, let her in.” So they let her in and she said, “O Prophet of Allah, today you enjoined charity, and I have some jewellery which I wanted to give in charity, but Ibn Mas’ood claims that he and his child have more right to receive it in charity.” The Prophet said: “Give it in charity to Ibn Mas’ood, for your husband and your child have the most right that you should give it to them in charity.” (Agreed upon)

General:

Narrated ‘Adi bin Hatim ؓ: The Prophet ﷺ said, “(O people!) Save yourselves from the (Hell) Fire even if with one half of a date fruit (given in charity), and if this is not available, then (save yourselves) by saying a good pleasant friendly word.”  (Bukhari)

Narrated Anas bin Malik ؓ: The Prophet ﷺ said, “If any Muslim plants any plant and a human being or an animal eats of it, he will be rewarded as if he had given that much in charity.” (Bukhari)

Narrated Abu Huraira ؓ: Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said, “There is a (compulsory) Sadaqa (charity) to be given for every joint of the human body (as a sign of gratitude to Allah) everyday the sun rises. To judge justly between two persons is regarded as Sadaqa, and to help a man concerning his riding animal by helping him to ride it or by lifting his luggage on to it, is also regarded as Sadaqa, and (saying) a good word is also Sadaqa, and every step taken on one’s way to offer the compulsory prayer (in the mosque) is also Sadaqa and to remove a harmful thing from the way is also Sadaqa.” (Bukhari)

It is related following Abu Dhar ؓ that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Sadaqah is prescribed for each descendant of Adam every day the sun rises.” It was asked: “O Messenger of Allah from what do we give Sadaqah every day?” He said: “The doors of goodness are many–the tasbih [to say ‘Subhaan-Allah’], the tamhid [to say ‘Alhamdu lillah’], the tahlil [to say ‘La-ilaha-illallah], enjoining good, forbidding evil, removing harm from the road, listening to the deaf, leading the blind, guiding one to the object of his need, hurrying with the strength of one’s legs to one in sorrow who is asking for help, and supporting the feeble with the strength of one’s arms–all of these are Sadaqah prescribed for you.” (This is related by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih)

Abu Dhar ؓ narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said “And your smiling in the face of your brother is charity” (Tirmidhi)

Narrated Abu Hurairaؓ: The people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The rich people have got the highest degrees of prestige and the permanent pleasures (in this life and the life to come in the Hereafter).” He said, “How is that?” They said, “The rich pray as we pray, and strive in Allah’s Cause as we do, and spend from their surplus wealth in charity, while we have no wealth (to spend likewise).” He said, “Shall I not tell you a thing, by doing which, you will catch up with those who are ahead of you and supersede those who will come after you; and nobody will be able to do such a good deed as you do except the one who does the same (deed as you do). That deed is to recite ‘Subhan Allah ten times, and ‘Al-Hamdulillah ten times, and ‘AllahuAkbar’ ten times after every prayer.” (Bukhari)

On behalf of the deceased:

Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah ؓ narrates that his mother died when he was absent, and he said: “O Messenger of Allah, my mother has died when I was absent. Will it benefit her if I give in charity on her behalf?” He ﷺ said: “Yes.” He said: “I ask you to bear witness that my garden that bears fruit is given in charity on her behalf.” (Bukhari)

Best time to give charity:

Ibn ‘Abbas ؓ reported that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ was the most generous of people in charity, but he was generous to the utmost in the month of Ramadan. Gabriel ؑ would meet him every year during the month of Ramadan until it ended, and Allah’s Messenger  recited to him the Qur’an; and when Gabriel met him Allah’s Messenger was most generous in giving charity like the blowing wind.  (Muslim)

Reward of charity:

“The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is as the likeness of a grain (of corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.”

(Chapter 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 261)

Abu Huraira ؓ reported Allah’s Messenger  ﷺ as saying: charity does not in any way decrease the wealth and the servant who forgives Allah adds to his respect, and the one who shows humility Allah elevates him in the estimation (of the people). (Muslim)

Narrated Abu Huraira ؓ: The Prophet ﷺ said, “Seven people will be shaded by Allah under His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His. They are: (1) a just ruler; (2) a young man who has been brought up in the worship of Allah, (i.e. worship Allah (Alone) sincerely from his childhood), (3) a man whose heart is attached to the mosque (who offers the five compulsory congregational prayers in the mosque); (4) two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause only; (5) a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for an illegal sexual intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allah; (6) a person who practices charity so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity). (7) a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes get flooded with tears.”  (Agreed Upon)

The Prophet ﷺ said: “Charity extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire.” (Tirmidhi classed as Sahih by al-Albaani)

It was narrated from Abu Huraira ؓ that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Allah said: ‘Spend, O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.’” (Agreed Upon)

Saving up? For what? For when?

Mutarrif ؓ reported on the authority of his father: I came to Allah’s Apostle ﷺ as he was reciting:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

أَلْهَاكُمُ التَّكَاثُرُ

حَتَّى زُرْتُمُ الْمَقَابِرَ

كَلَّا سَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ

ثُمَّ كَلَّا سَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ

كَلَّا لَوْ تَعْلَمُونَ عِلْمَ الْيَقِينِ

لَتَرَوُنَّ الْجَحِيمَ

ثُمَّ لَتَرَوُنَّهَا عَيْنَ الْيَقِينِ

ثُمَّ لَتُسْأَلُنَّ يَوْمَئِذٍ عَنِ النَّعِيمِ

“Competition in [worldly] increase diverts you. Until you visit the graveyards. No! You are going to know. Then no! You are going to know. No! If you only knew with knowledge of certainty… You will surely see the Hellfire. Then you will surely see it with the eye of certainty. Then you will surely be asked that Day about pleasure.”

(Chapter 102, Surah At-Takathur, Ayah 1-8)

He ﷺ said: “The son of Adam claims: My wealth, my wealth.” And he (the Holy Prophet ﷺ) said: “O son of Adam, is there anything as your belonging except that which you consumed, which you utilised, or which you wore and then it was worn out or you gave as charity and sent it forward?”

(Sahih Muslim)

“And spend (in charity) of that with which We have provided you before death comes to one of you, and he says: ‘My Lord! If only You would give me respite for a little while (i.e. return to the worldly life), then I should give charity  and be among the righteous.’ ”

(63:10)

“And what is the matter with you that you spend not in the cause of Allah? And to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth.”(57:10)

“And whatever you spend in good, it will be repaid to you in full, and you shall not be wronged.”

(2:272)

“There should be no envy except it the case of two: A man whom Allah gives wealth, so he is able to spend it on the truth, and a man whom Allah gives wisdom so he judges and teaches with it. ”

(Sahih Bukhari)

“Which of you loves the wealth of his heir more than his own wealth” The Companions said: “O Allah’s Messenger! There is none of us but loves his own wealth more.” He (SAW) said: “His wealth is that which he has sent forward, but that which he retains, belongs to his heir”

(Sahih Bukhari)

“There is no day that dawns upon the servants but two angels descend during it. One of them says, ‘O Allah! Give to the person who gives (in charity)’; while the other one says, ‘O Allah’. Destroy the one who withholds (charity, etc.).”

(Sahih Bukhari)

“Beware of stinginess! It was being stingy that destroyed those before you. It incited them to shed blood and make lawful what was prohibited for them.”

(Sahih Muslim)

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The heart of an old man remains young in two respects, i.e., his love for the world (its wealth, amusements and luxuries) and his incessant hope.”

(Sahih Bukhari)

Abu Umama reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: O son of Adam, it is better for you if you spend your surplus (wealth), but if you withhold it, it is evil for you. There is (however) no reproach for you (if you withhold means necessary) for a living. And begin (charity) with your dependants; and the upper hand is better than the lower hand.

(Sahih Muslim)

Contentment

Narrated Abu Huraira ؓ: The Prophet ﷺ said, “Riches does not mean, having a great amount of property, but riches is self-contentment.”  (Sahih Bukhari, Book #76, Hadith #453)

Narrated ‘Amr bin Taghlib ؓ: Some property or something was brought to Allah’s Apostle ﷺ and he distributed it. He ﷺ  gave to some men and ignored the others. Later he ﷺ got the news of his being admonished by those whom he had ignored. So he ﷺ glorified and praised Allah and said, “Amma ba’du. By Allah, I may give to a man and ignore another, although the one whom I ignore is more beloved to me than the one whom I give. But I give to some people as I feel that they have no patience and no contentment in their hearts and I leave those who are patient and self-contented with the goodness and wealth which Allah has put into their hearts and ‘Amr bin Taghlib is one of them.” Amrؓ added, By Allah! Those words of Allah’s Apostle ﷺ are more beloved to me than the best red camels.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book #13, Hadith #45)

How to seek forgiveness

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “None of you should say: ‘O Allah! Forgive me if You wish,’ or ‘Bestow Your Mercy on me if You wish,’ or ‘Provide me with means of subsistence if You wish,’ but he should be firm in his request, for Allah does what He will and nobody can force Him (to do anything).”

(Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93, Number 569)

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