R.I.P. Steve Jobs?

When I logged on to my Facebook today, I was surprised to see that nearly more than half my page was filled with ‘R.I.P. Steve Jobs’. And all these comments were from Muslims?! It shocked and scared me! What has happened to our hearts and minds? Na’udhubillah have we become of those who Allah Ta’ala mentions in this ayah?

Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearings, and on their eyes there is a covering.
(Chapter 2, Surah Al Baqarah, Ayah 7)

When we say R.I.P. do we really understand what we are saying? R.I.P. stands for rest in peace. Let me share with you the hadith where the Prophet described the death of an unbeliever and then THINK…can an unbeliever be in any state of peace? In the first part of the hadith the death of a believer is described and in the second half that of the disbeliever. To read the whole hadith click here.

Narrated al-Bara bin Aazib رضي الله عنه the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

As for the disbelieving man, when he leaves this world and enters the Hereafter, stern and harsh angels come down to him from heaven, their faces are black and they bring with them sack-cloth from Hell. They sit around him as far as the eye can see. Then the Angel of Death comes and sits at his head and says, ‘Come out O evil soul to the anger and wrath of Allah!’

The soul will be dragged out of his body with as much difficulty as a many-pronged skewer being dragged through wet wool (the veins and nerves will be destroyed by it.)

He will be cursed by every angel between the heaven and the earth, and by every angel in the heaven. The gates of heaven will be locked and the people of every heaven will pray to Allah to not allow his soul to ascend through their domain.

Then they ascend and they do not pass by any group of angels but they say, ‘Who is this evil soul?’
And they say, ‘It is So and so the son of So and so’, calling him by the worst names by which he was known in this world, until they reach the lowest heaven. They ask for it to be opened to them and it is not opened.

He صلى الله عليه وسلم  said: ‘Then Allah says, ‘Record the book of My slave in Sijjeen in the lowest earth, and return him to the earth, for from it I created them, to it I will return them and from it I will bring them forth once again.’ So his soul is cast down.

He صلى الله عليه وسلم  said:‘So his soul will be returned to his body (and he will hear the footsteps of his companions when they leave him). Two stern angels will come to him, rebuke him and sit him up.  ‘Who is your Lord?’

He says: ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know.’

They say: ‘What is your religion?’

He says: ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know.’

They will ask: ‘What do you say about this man who was sent among you?’

He will not even know his name.  But he will be told: ‘Muhammad ’. 

And he will say: ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know. I heard the people saying such and such.’ 

He will be told: ‘May you never know.’

Then a voice will call from heaven and will say, ‘He has lied. Furnish his grave from Hell and open for him a gate from Hell.’  

So some of his heat and hot winds will reach him and his grave will be constricted until his ribs are crushed together.

 There will appear before him a man with an ugly face, badly dressed, and foul smelling.  He will say, ‘I bring you bad news, this is the day you were promised. 

He will say, ‘And you, May Allah give you even worse news!  Who are you? Your face brings bad news!’ 

He will say, ‘I am your evil deeds, by Allah I only ever saw you reluctant to obey Allah and ever eager to disobey Him. May Allah repay you with evil.’

 Then there will be sent to him one who is blind, deaf, and dumb.  Who will carry in his hand an iron rod which if he were to beat a mountain with it, it would turn to dust.  He will beat him with it until he turns to dust.  Then Allah will restore him then he will be beaten again.  He will emit a scream which the whole of creation will hear except men and jinn.

A door of hell will be opened unto him within his grave and will spread out for him sheets of hell fire.

He will say, ‘My Lord, may the hour never come.’

(Musnad Ahmad/Hakim)

اَللّٰھُمَّ اِنِّیْ اَعُوْذُبِکَ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ
‘O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave’

Astaghfirullah! Oh Allah let us be of the believers and those with whom You are pleased and not of the disbelievers Ameen!

Death in itself is a reminder, whether the death be of a Muslim or a Non-Muslim. It is a time to dwell on our own life, our deeds and our efforts. Whether our lives are being lived according to Islam or not!

قُلْ إِنَّ صَلَاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
Say: “Verily, my Salat (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (all that exists).

(Chapter6, Surah Al An’aam, Verse 162)

Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reported that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Remember frequently the thing that cuts off pleasures,” i.e. death.”

(Tirmidhi)

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What will happen after we die?

In a well-known and long hadith, the Companion of the Prophet ﷺ al-Bara bin Aazib ؓ narrates that:

“We went out with the Messenger of Allah for the funeral of a man from among the Ansar. We came to the grave and the lahd (a niche on the side of the grave) was not yet dug.  The Messenger of Allah sat down and we sat around him, as if there were birds on our heads (i.e. quiet and still). In his hand he had a stick with which he was scratching the ground.

(In another narration he gazed at the sky and then down to the ground, repeating this three times).

Then he raised his head and said, ‘Seek refuge with Allah from the torment of the grave’, two or three times.

Then he prayed thrice:

اَللّٰھُمَّ اِنِّیْ اَعُوْذُبِکَ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ

‘O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave’

 Then he said, ‘When the believing slave is about to depart this world and enter the Hereafter, there come down to him from heaven angels with white faces like the sun, and they sit around him as far as the eye can see. They bring with them shrouds from Paradise and perfumes from Paradise. Then the Angel of Death comes and sits by his head, and he says,

‘O good soul, come forth to forgiveness from Allah and His pleasure.’

Then it comes out easily like a drop of water from the mouth of a water-skin.

 When he (the Angel of Death) seizes it (i.e. the soul), they (the other angels) do not leave it in his hand for an instant before they take it and put it in that shroud with that perfume, and there comes from it a fragrance like the finest musk on the face of the earth.

Regarding this Allah says in the Quran:

الْمَوْتُ تَوَفَّتْهُ رُسُلُنَا وَهُمْ لَا يُفَرِّطُونَ

‘…when death comes to one of you, Our messengers take him, and they do not fail [in their duties].’

(Chapter 6, Surah Al-An’am, Ayah 61)

 (In another narration, he ﷺ said: “….Until his soul comes out, every angel between the heavens and earth will pray for him, as will every angel in heaven.  The gates of heaven will be opened for him, and the people in every level of heaven will pray to Allah to permit his soul to ascend through their domain.”)

Then they (the angels) ascend and they do not pass by any group of angels but they say, ‘Who is this good soul?’

They say, ‘It is So and so the son of So and so,’ calling him by the best names by which he was known in this world, until they reach the lowest heaven. They ask for it to be opened to them and it is opened, and (the soul) is welcomed and accompanied to the next heaven by those who are closest to Allah, until they reach the seventh heaven.

Then Allah  says: ‘Record the book of My slave in ‘Illiyyun in the seventh heaven,’

Allah mentions this in the Quran:

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا عِلِّيُّونَ
كِتَابٌ مَّرْقُومٌ
يَشْهَدُهُ الْمُقَرَّبُونَ

‘And what can make you know what is ‘Illiyyun? It is [their destination recorded in] a register inscribed. Which is witnessed by those brought near [to Allah].’

(Chapter 83, Surah Al-Mutaffifin, Ayah 19-21)

 (Then Allah  says) ‘And return him to the earth, for from it I created them, to it I will return them and from it I will bring them forth once again.’ So his soul is returned to his body (he hears the beat of their sandals when they go back). 

Then there come to him two angels who make him sit up,

And they say to him:  مَنْ رَبُّكَ (‘Who is your Lord?’)

He says: رَبِّيَ اللَّهُ (‘Allah’ )

They say   مَا دِينُك(‘What is your religion?’)

He says:   دِينِيَ الْإِسْلَامُ (‘My religion is Islam’)

They say:   مَا هَذَا الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي بُعِثَ فِيكُمْ (‘Who is this man who was sent among you?’ )

He says:   هُوَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ (‘He is the Messenger of Allah ﷺ’ )

They say:   مَا عِلْمُك (‘Who made you aware of this?’)[In another narration, the question is : “ما عملك”(‘What did you do?’)]

He says: قَرَأْتُ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ فَآمَنْتُ بِهِ وَصَدَّقْتُ  (‘I read the Book of Allah, believed in it, and confirmed it’)

This will be the last trial on earth for the believer, about which is said in the Quran:

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ

‘Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word, in worldly life and in the Hereafter.’

(Chapter 14, Surah Ibrahim, Ayah 27)

So he will answer my Lord is Allah, my religion is Islam and my Prophet is Mohammad .

 Thereafter, a voice will call from Heaven, ‘My slave has spoken the Truth, so furnish his grave from Paradise and clothe him from Paradise, and open for him a gate to Paradise.’  Some of its breeze and scent will reach him, and his grave will be widened for him as far as the eye can see. 

 (Then) there will appear before him a handsome, well dressed, and finely scented man, saying, ‘I bring you good news which shall make you happy.  I bring you good news of the good pleasure of Allah and Gardens of eternal blessing.  This is the day you were promised.’ 

 He will say, ‘And you, may Allah give you better news, who are you?’ 

 He will say, ‘I am your good deeds, and by Allah I only ever saw you hastening to obey Allah, and ever reluctant to disobey Him, so may Allah reward you with good.’

 Then a gate of Paradise and a gate of Hell will open for him.  And it will be said: ‘This is your place if you had disobeyed Allah, but Allah has given you this instead of that.’ 

 When he sees what is in Paradise he will say, ‘O Lord, hasten the Hour so that I may return to my family and my wealth.’  It will be said, ‘Dwell in patience.’

 As for the disbelieving (corrupt) man, when he leaves this world and enters the Hereafter, stern and harsh angels come down to him from heaven, their faces are black and they bring with them sack-cloth from Hell.  They sit around him as far as the eye can see.  Then the Angel of Death comes and sits at his head and says, ‘Come out O evil soul to the anger and wrath of Allah!’

 The soul will be dragged out of his body with as much difficulty as a many-pronged skewer being dragged through wet wool (the veins and nerves will be destroyed by it.)
He will be cursed by every angel between the heaven and the earth, and by every angel in the heaven.  The gates of heaven will be locked and the people of every heaven will pray to Allah to not allow his soul to ascend through their domain.
 

 Then they ascend and they do not pass by any group of angels but they say, ‘Who is this evil soul?’

And they say, ‘It is So and so the son of So and so’, calling him by the worst names by which he was known in this world, until they reach the lowest heaven. They ask for it to be opened to them and it is not opened.

 Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ recited:

لَا تُفَتَّحُ لَهُمْ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ وَلَا يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّىٰ يَلِجَ الْجَمَلُ فِي سَمِّ الْخِيَاط

 ‘The gates of Heaven will not be opened for them, nor will they enter Paradise until a camel enters into the eye of a needle.’

(Chapter 7, Surah Al-A’raf, Ayah 40)

 He ﷺ said: ‘Then Allah says, ‘Record the book of My slave in Sijjeen in the lowest earth, and return him to the earth, for from it I created them, to it I will return them and from it I will bring them forth once again.’ So his soul is cast down.

 Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ recited the verse:

وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا خَرَّ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَتَخْطَفُهُ الطَّيْرُ أَوْ تَهْوِي بِهِ الرِّيحُ فِي مَكَانٍ سَحِيقٍ

‘And he who associates with Allah – it is as though he had fallen from the sky and was snatched by the birds or the wind carried him down into a remote place.’

(Chapter 22, Surah Al-Hajj, Ayah 31)

He ﷺ said: ‘So his soul will be returned to his body (and he will hear the footsteps of his companions when they leave him). Two stern angels will come to him, rebuke him and sit him up.  ‘Who is your Lord?’

He says: ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know.’

They say: ‘What is your religion?’

He says: ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know.’

They will ask: ‘What do you say about this man who was sent among you?’

He will not even know his name.  But he will be told: ‘Muhammad ’. 

And he will say: ‘Oh, oh, I don’t know. I heard the people saying such and such.’ 

He will be told: ‘May you never know.’

Then a voice will call from heaven and will say, ‘He has lied. Furnish his grave from Hell and open for him a gate from Hell.’  

So some of his heat and hot winds will reach him and his grave will be constricted until his ribs are crushed together.

 There will appear before him a man with an ugly face, badly dressed, and foul smelling.  He will say, ‘I bring you bad news, this is the day you were promised. 

He will say, ‘And you, May Allah give you even worse news!  Who are you? Your face brings bad news!’ 

He will say, ‘I am your evil deeds, by Allah I only ever saw you reluctant to obey Allah and ever eager to disobey Him. May Allah repay you with evil.’

 Then there will be sent to him one who is blind, deaf, and dumb.  Who will carry in his hand an iron rod which if he were to beat a mountain with it, it would turn to dust.  He will beat him with it until he turns to dust.  Then Allah will restore him then he will be beaten again.  He will emit a scream which the whole of creation will hear except men and jinn.

A door of hell will be opened unto him within his grave and will spread out for him sheets of hell fire.

He will say, ‘My Lord, may the hour never come.’

(Musnad Ahmad/Hakim)

 

Guidance is Not in Our Hands

After receiving guidance to the Straight Path, we sometimes wish that all those whom we love realize the beauty of our Deen and accept it with their hearts and manifest it in their deeds. Allah Ta’ala knew that we would feel this way and said in the Qur’an:

إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ

Indeed you do not guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided.

(Chapter 28, Surah Al-Qasas, Verse 56)

So what can we do?

وَمَا عَلَيْنَا إِلَّا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ

“And our duty is only to convey plainly (the Message).”

(Chapter 36, Surah Ya-seen, Verse 17)

فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ

Then, if they turn away, your duty is only to convey (the Message) in a clear way.

(Chapter 16, Surah An-Nahl, Verse 82)

And in the end…

مَّنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَنْ أَسَاءَ فَعَلَيْهَا ۗ وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِظَلَّامٍ لِّلْعَبِيدِ

Whosoever does righteous good deed it is for (the benefit of) his ownself, and whosoever does evil, it is against his ownself, and your Lord is not at all unjust to (His) slaves.

(Chapter 41, Surah Fussilat, Verse 46)

Upholding ties of kinship

“And Those who sever(relations) that which Allah has ordered to be joined and spread corruption on earth – for them is the curse, and they will have the worst home”

(Chapter 13, Surah Ar-Ra’d, Ayah 25)

Narrated ‘Aisha رضی اللہ عنہا: (the wife of the Prophet) The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The word ‘Ar-Rahm’ (womb) derives its name from ‘Ar-Rahman’ (i.e. Allah). So whosoever keeps good relations with it (womb i.e. Kith and kin), Allah will keep good relations with him, and whosoever will sever it (i.e. severs his bonds of Kith and kin) Allah too will sever His relations with him.
(Sahih Bukhari)

Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه reported that a person said: Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم, I have relatives with whom I try, to have close relationship, but they sever (this relation). I treat them well, but they treat me ill. I am sweet to them but they are harsh towards me. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: If it is so as you say, then you in fact throw hot ashes (upon their faces) and there would always remain with you on behalf of Allah (an Angel to support you) who would keep you dominant over them so long as you adhere to this (path of righteousness).
(Sahih Muslim)

Narrated Abdullah bin ‘Amrرضي الله عنه: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Al-Wasil is not the one who recompenses the good done to him by his relatives, but Al-Wasil is the one who keeps good relations with those relatives who had severed the bond of kinship with him.”

(Sahih Bukhari)

Dunya vs. Aakhirah- set your priorities right!

It was narrated that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever is mainly concerned about the Hereafter, Allaah will make him feel independent of others and will make him focused and content, and his worldly affairs will fall into place. But whoever is mainly concerned with this world, Allaah will make him feel in constant need of others and will make him distracted and unfocused, and he will get nothing of this world except what is decreed for him.”

(Tirmidhi- classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami)

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “When a person spends his entire day with no other concern but Allaah alone, Allaah, may He be glorified, will take care of all his needs and take care of all that is worrying him; He will empty his heart so that it will be filled only with love for Him, free his tongue so that it will speak only in remembrance of Him (dhikr) and cause all his faculties to work only in obedience to Him. But if a person spends his entire day with no other concern but this world, Allaah will make him bear its distress, anxiety and pain; He will leave him to sort himself out, and cause his heart to be distracted from the love of Allaah towards the love of some created being, cause his tongue to speak only in remembering people instead of remembering Allaah, and cause him to use his talents and energy in obeying and serving them. So he will strive hard, labouring like some work-animal, to serve something other than Allaah… Everyone who turns away from being a true slave of Allaah and obeying Him and loving Him will be burdened with servitude, love and obedience to some created being.

Allaah says : ‘And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allaah), We appoint for him a shaytaan (devil) to be a qareen (intimate companion) to him.’ [al-Zukhruf 43:36].”

Al-Fawaa’id, p. 159

“Whoever works righteousness — whether male or female — while he (or she) is a true believer verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)”

[al-Nahl 16:97]

Yahyaa Ibn Mu’aadh Al-Raazee said:
“Son of Aadam; you seek the world as if your very life depended on it and you seek the Hereafter as if you have no need of it!
You will acquire what you need from this world even if you do not run after it, but you will only attain the Hereafter if you run after it. So be aware of your true condition!”

“The Journey Of The Strangers”, By Al-Aajurree, p. 67

Bonds will be undone!

Narrated Abu Umaamah al-Baahili رضي الله عنه  from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, who said:

“The bonds of Islam will be undone one by one. Each time one bond is undone, the people will move to the next one (and adhere to that). The first bond to be undone will be ruling (al-hukm) and the last one will be prayer (al-salaah).”

The meaning of this hadeeth is apparent, which is that the more Islam becomes “strange”, the more people will go against its teachings and will undo its bonds, which is a reference to its obligations and commandments.
1) The first will be failure to rule according to the sharee’ah of Allaah.
2) The last will be As-Salah, it refers to large numbers of people who will not pray and will be negligent with regard to salah.

Reference:The hadeeth mentioned was narrated by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad, al-Tabaraani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer, and Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh, with a jayyid isnaad.

الَّذِينَ إِن مَّكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَمَرُوا

بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَنَهَوْا عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَاقِبَةُ الْأُمُورِ

“(And they are) those who, if We give them authority in the land, establish prayer and give zakah and enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong. And to Allah belongs the outcome of (all) matters.”

[al-Hajj 22:40-41]

Recitation of Quran

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A believer who recites the Qur’an is like an orange whose fragrance is sweet and whose taste is sweet; a believer who does not recite the Qur’an is like a date which has no fragrance but has a sweet taste; and the hypocrite who recites the Qur’an is like a basil whose fragrance is sweet, but whose taste is bitter; and a hypocrite who does not recite the Qur’an is like the colocynth which has no fragrance and has a bitter taste.  (Sahih Muslim)

Qadr- Divine Decree

Excerpt from: http://islamqa.info/en/49004

What is meant by belief in al-qada’ (the Divine will) is: certain belief that everything that happens in this universe happens by the will and decree of Allaah.

The meaning of al-qada’ wa’l-qadar in Arabic:
The word qada’ means perfection and completion, and the word qadar means evaluating and planning.

Definition of al-qada’ wa’l-qadar in Islamic terminology:
Qadar means Allaah’s decree of all things from eternity, and His knowledge that they will come to pass at the times that are known to Him and in the specific manner that He has decreed and willed. They will happen the way they are meant to and the way they are created.

Is there a difference between al-qada’ and al-qadar?
Some of the scholars said that there was a difference between them, but perhaps the most correct view is that there is no difference in meaning between al-qada’ and al-qadar, and that each of them points to the meaning of the other. There is no clear evidence in the Qur’aan or Sunnah to indicate that there is a difference between them. The scholars are agreed that the one may be applied to the other, but it should be noted that the word qadar is most usually used in the texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, which indicates that we must believe in this pillar. And Allaah knows best.

The status of belief in al-qadar in Islam:
Belief in al-qadar is one of the six pillars of faith which were mentioned in the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when Jibreel (peace be upon him) asked him about faith (eemaan). He said: “(It is) to believe in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in the Divine will and decree (al-qadar) both good and bad.” (Sahih Muslim)
Al-qadar is also mentioned in the Qur’aan, where Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Verily, We have created all things with Qadar”
[al-Qamar 54:49]
“And the Command of Allaah is a decree determined [qadran maqdooran]”
[al-Ahzaab 33:38]

Aspects of belief in al-qadar:
Belief in al-qadar is not valid unless you believe in the four aspects of al-qadar, which are as follows:

1 – Knowledge: Belief that Allaah knows all things, in general terms and in detail, from eternity to eternity. Not a single atom is unknown to Him in the heavens or on earth.
“and that Allaah surrounds all things in (His) Knowledge”
[al-Talaaq 65:12]

2 – Writing: Belief that Allaah has decreed all things in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz, fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.
The evidence for that is the verse in which He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Know you not that Allaah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (al-Lawh al-Mahfooz). Verily, that is easy for Allaah”
[al-Hajj 22:16]
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah wrote the decrees concerning all created beings fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.”
(Sahih Muslim)

3 – Will: Belief that the will of Allaah is irresistable and His decree is comprehensive, so nothing happens in this universe, good or bad, but by His will.
“And never say of anything, ‘I shall do such and such thing tomorrow.’
 Except (with the saying), ‘If Allaah wills!’”
[al-Kahf 18:23, 24]
“And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)”
[al-Takweer 81:29]

4 –  Creation:  Belief that all that exists was created by Allaah. He is the Creator of all beings and the Creator of their attributes and actions, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Allaah is the Creator of all things”
[al-Zumar 39:62]
“While Allaah has created you and what you make”
[al-Saaffaat 37:96]
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allah has created every doer of deeds and what he does.”
(Sahih Bukhari )
Shaykh Ibn Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Just as Allaah is the One Who created them – meaning people – He has also created that by means of which they act, namely their abilities and will, then they do various actions of obedience and sin, by the abilities and will which Allaah has created. (al-Durrah al-Bahiyyah Sharh al-Qaseedah al-Taa’iyyah, p. 18).

Correct belief in al-qadar also involves believing in the following:

1)  That the individual has free will by means of which he acts, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight”
[al-Takweer 81:28]
“Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope”
[al-Baqarah 2:286]
2) That a person’s will and ability do not operate outside the will and decree of Allaah, Who is the One Who has given him that ability and made him able to distinguish (between good and evil) and make his choice, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)”
[al-Takweer 81:29]
3) That al-qadar is Allaah’s plan for His creation. What He has shown us of it, we know and believe in, and what He has hidden from us, we accept and believe in. We do not dispute with Allaah concerning His actions and rulings with our limited minds and comprehension, rather we believe in Allaah’s complete justice and wisdom, and that He is not to be asked about what He does, may He be glorified and praised.

Warning against arguing about issues of al-qadar on the basis of (human) reasoning:
It was narrated from Ibn Mas’ood that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If my companions are mentioned, then keep quiet; if the stars are mentioned, then keep quiet; and if the divine decree is mentioned, then keep quiet.”
(Tabaraani in al-Kabeer-classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah)

Etiquettes of Reading the Quran

“And this is a blessed Book (the Qur’an) which We have sent down, so follow it and have taqwa of Allah that you may receive mercy”

(Chapter 6, Surah Al-An’am, Ayah 155)

1. One should be in the state of purity and should have performed Wudhu

2. Begin with Ta’awuzh

“So when you want to recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan, the outcast”

(Chapter 16, Surah An-Nahl, Ayah 98)

3. Recite Bismillah at the beginning of each Surah except Surah At-Taubah

4. Read in a beautiful way with proper makharij and application of tajweed rules.It should be read slowly and carefully pronouncing each letter correctly. Remember each letter counts as 10 good deeds.

It was narrated that Abdullah ibn Masood رضي الله عنه said: The messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Whoever Reads a letter of the Book of Allah will be credited with a Good Deed, and a Good deed gets a tenfold reward. I do not say that Alif Lam Meem is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter (i.e. it is equal to three letters).”

(Tirmidhi, 2910)

5. Listen carefully when the Quran is recited.

“So, when the Qur’an is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy.”

(Chapter 7, Surah Al-A’raf, Ayah 204)

6. Respect the Quran: do not put it on the floor, do not to leave it open if not reciting from it, do not recite while leaning back, hold back the urge to yawn while reciting, do not interrupt recitation for the purpose of talking to people, except when necessary. Do not use the Quran as pillow, or lean upon it; do not toss it when one wants to hand it to another.

7. Try to understand and think about the meaning the ayahs and do amal on the commands mentioned. Ask Allah for His blessings at a verse of mercy and seek refuge with Allah at verses of warning

Special Reward

Ayesha رضی اللّه عنہاnarrated that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said, “A person who recites the Qur’an and reads it fluently will be in the company of the obedient and noble angels, and he who reads the Qur’an haltingly and with difficulty will have a double recompense.”

(Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

Facebook Etiquettes For a Muslimah

1.    Stay Away from that which does not concern you.

Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “From the perfection of a person’s Islaam is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him.”(Tirmidhi, classed as sahih by Ibn al-Qayyim in al-Jawaab al-Kaafi, p. 112)

2.    Do not share links of Fahsh (indecent, obscene) songs and movie clips, because:

a)      It is disliked to advertise your sins – you will be accountable for what you do in your personal life but do not advertise your sins

Abu Hurairah ؓ said: I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say: “All of my ummah will be forgiven except those who sin openly. It is a part of sinning openly when a man does something at night, then the following morning when Allah has concealed his sin, he says, ‘O So and so, I did such and such last night,’ when all night his Lord has concealed him and the next morning he uncovers what Allah had concealed.” (Agreed Upon).

b)      If you share something which is a sin and somebody clicks on it then the sin will go back to you. Why do you want to multiply your sins? Don’t we have enough sins of our own?

Narrated Abu Hurairah  ؓ, that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Whoever calls others to guidance will have a reward like that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest. And whoever calls others to misguidance will have a burden of sin like that of those who follow it, without it detracting from their burden in the slightest.” (Sahih Muslim)

3.      Do not share personal (hijabless) pictures on FB, because:

a)      FB owns whatever you upload, go and read what FB states in its terms:

“For content that is covered by intellectual property rights, like photos and videos (“IP content”), you specifically give us the following permission, subject to your privacy and application settings: you grant us a non-exclusive, transferable, sub-licensable, royalty-free, worldwide license to use any IP content that you post on or in connection with Facebook (“IP License”).”

b)      You are violating hijab and that is a sin. If you do not wear a hijab then do not delay in wearing it, dear sister! But why double the sin by putting up pictures so that when you’re not even infront of the non-mahram you’re violating hijab.

c)      The issue of privacy. If you haven’t stringently monitored your privacy settings your pictures can land in the hands of people you really don’t want them to.

d)     There is a lot of envy out there. Why do you want to put yourselves and your families in the way of harm through nazar (evil eye)?

4.      Share concerns with those whom you feel will benefit you and give you good advice not with the whole world via your FB wall.

5.     Avoid vain talk: dirty jokes, useless quotes from songs, just dots and question marks which have no meaning and will generate a useless commentary below your status.

“What has caused you to enter Hell?” They will say: “We were not of those who used to offer the Salat (prayers)… And we used to enter into vain discourse with those who engaged [in it]” (Surah Al Muddathir V:42-45)

6.      Think about how much time do you spend/waste on FB:

“By time. Verily, man is in loss, except those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth and recommend one another to patience” (Surah Al-‘Asr)

7.      An excellent reminder while using FB is  Surah Al-Hujurat especially the following ayah:

“O you who have believed, avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Accepting of repentance and Merciful” (Surah Al-Hujurat V:12)

8.     Comparing ourselves with others:

“And strain not your eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment to various groups of them, the splendour of the life of this world, that We may test them thereby. But the provision of your Lord is better and more lasting.” (Surah Ta-Ha V:131)

9.    Avoid having contact with non-mehram males: Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:  ‘It is not permissible for any (male) person to correspond with a woman who is not his mahram, because of the fitnah (temptation) involved in that.’

Do not add non-mahram to your lists of friends and delete those whom you’ve added in ignorance. You need not be rude in doing so, but explain to them what Allah requires of us as Muslims.

10.     Reality vs. Deception: Escaping from reality via Farmville and the likes

“He (Shaitan) makes promises to them, and arouses in them false desires; and Shaitan’s promises are nothing but deceptions.” (Suarh An-Nisa, V:120)

11.  Share words of wisdom and things that are good Quran, Hadith, recipes, quotes, experiences which will benefit others, pictures of the beautiful creations of Allah and other beneficial information.

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah ؓ  that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “No people sit in a gathering in which they do not remember Allah or send blessings upon the Prophet ﷺ, but it will be a source of regret for them on the Day of Resurrection, even if they enter Paradise as a reward.” (Ahmad, classed saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (no. 76).

12.  Keep your Niyah in check: If I post a Hadith, Ayah or words of wisdom and khair on FB, is it because I want people to ‘Like’ it or is it so I can spread the message of Allah Ta’ala?

It was narrated by Muslim from Abu Hurairah  ؓ that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, says: ‘I am so self-sufficient that I am in no need of having an associate. Thus he who does an action for someone else’s sake as well as Mine will have that action renounced by Me to him whom he associated with Me.’” (Sahih Muslim)

“(And whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord…) (Surah Al-Kahf V:110). Ibn ‘Abbas ؓ said: “This verse was revealed about Jundub ibn Zuhayr al-‘Amiri ؓ  who said: ‘I do the deed seeking Allah but I get happy when other people come to know about it’. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to him: ‘Allah, exalted is He, is pure and does not accept except that which is pure. He does not accept that in which other than Him is associated’. Allah, exalted is He, then revealed this verse”. (Tafsir Asbab Al Nuzul)

Narrated Jundub ؓ: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “He who lets the people hear of his good deeds intentionally, to win their praise, Allah will let the people know his real intention (on the Day of Resurrection), and he who does good things in public to show off and win the praise of the people, Allah will disclose his real intention (and humiliate him).  (Sahih Bukhari)

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