Charity

And spend [in the way of Allah] from what We have provided you before death approaches one of you and he says, “My Lord, if only You would delay me for a brief term so I would give charity and be among the righteous (those who do good).”

(Surah Al-Munafiqun, Ayah: 10)

Who has to give charity?

Narrated Abu Burda ؓ: from his father from his grandfather that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Every Muslim has to give in charity.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Prophet! If someone has nothing to give, what will he do?” He said, “He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns).” The people further asked, “If he cannot find even that?” He replied, “He should help the needy who appeal for help.” Then the people asked, “If he cannot do that?” He replied, “Then he should perform good deeds and keep away from evil deeds and this will be regarded as charitable deeds.”  (Bukhari)

How can I give charity?

Men:

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam ؓ The Prophet ﷺ said, “The upper hand is better than the lower hand (i.e. he who gives in charity is better than him who takes it). One should start giving first to his dependents. And the best object of charity is that which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is left after his expenses). And whoever abstains from asking others for some financial help, Allah will give him and save him from asking others, Allah will make him self-sufficient.” (Bukhari)

The Prophet ﷺ said: “You never spend anything but you will be rewarded for it, even the morsel of food that you lift to your wife’s mouth.” (Agreed upon)

Women:

Narrated ‘Aisha ؓ: Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said, “When a woman gives in charity some of the foodstuff (which she has in her house) without spoiling it, she will receive the reward for what she has spent, and her husband will receive the reward because of his earning, and the storekeeper will also have a reward similar to it. The reward of one will not decrease the reward of the others. ”

It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri ؓ said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out – on Eid al-Fitr or Eid al-Adha – to the prayer place, and when he had finished (the prayer) he preached to the people and enjoined them to give charity. He said, “O people, give in charity!” Then he went over to the women and said, “O women, give in charity for I have seen that you are the majority of the people of Hell.” When he went home, Zaynab the wife of Ibn Mas’ood came seeking permission to see him. It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, here is Zaynab.” He said, “Which Zaynab?” It was said, “The wife of Ibn Mas’ood.” He said, “Yes, let her in.” So they let her in and she said, “O Prophet of Allah, today you enjoined charity, and I have some jewellery which I wanted to give in charity, but Ibn Mas’ood claims that he and his child have more right to receive it in charity.” The Prophet said: “Give it in charity to Ibn Mas’ood, for your husband and your child have the most right that you should give it to them in charity.” (Agreed upon)

General:

Narrated ‘Adi bin Hatim ؓ: The Prophet ﷺ said, “(O people!) Save yourselves from the (Hell) Fire even if with one half of a date fruit (given in charity), and if this is not available, then (save yourselves) by saying a good pleasant friendly word.”  (Bukhari)

Narrated Anas bin Malik ؓ: The Prophet ﷺ said, “If any Muslim plants any plant and a human being or an animal eats of it, he will be rewarded as if he had given that much in charity.” (Bukhari)

Narrated Abu Huraira ؓ: Allah’s Apostle ﷺ said, “There is a (compulsory) Sadaqa (charity) to be given for every joint of the human body (as a sign of gratitude to Allah) everyday the sun rises. To judge justly between two persons is regarded as Sadaqa, and to help a man concerning his riding animal by helping him to ride it or by lifting his luggage on to it, is also regarded as Sadaqa, and (saying) a good word is also Sadaqa, and every step taken on one’s way to offer the compulsory prayer (in the mosque) is also Sadaqa and to remove a harmful thing from the way is also Sadaqa.” (Bukhari)

It is related following Abu Dhar ؓ that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Sadaqah is prescribed for each descendant of Adam every day the sun rises.” It was asked: “O Messenger of Allah from what do we give Sadaqah every day?” He said: “The doors of goodness are many–the tasbih [to say ‘Subhaan-Allah’], the tamhid [to say ‘Alhamdu lillah’], the tahlil [to say ‘La-ilaha-illallah], enjoining good, forbidding evil, removing harm from the road, listening to the deaf, leading the blind, guiding one to the object of his need, hurrying with the strength of one’s legs to one in sorrow who is asking for help, and supporting the feeble with the strength of one’s arms–all of these are Sadaqah prescribed for you.” (This is related by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih)

Abu Dhar ؓ narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said “And your smiling in the face of your brother is charity” (Tirmidhi)

Narrated Abu Hurairaؓ: The people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The rich people have got the highest degrees of prestige and the permanent pleasures (in this life and the life to come in the Hereafter).” He said, “How is that?” They said, “The rich pray as we pray, and strive in Allah’s Cause as we do, and spend from their surplus wealth in charity, while we have no wealth (to spend likewise).” He said, “Shall I not tell you a thing, by doing which, you will catch up with those who are ahead of you and supersede those who will come after you; and nobody will be able to do such a good deed as you do except the one who does the same (deed as you do). That deed is to recite ‘Subhan Allah ten times, and ‘Al-Hamdulillah ten times, and ‘AllahuAkbar’ ten times after every prayer.” (Bukhari)

On behalf of the deceased:

Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah ؓ narrates that his mother died when he was absent, and he said: “O Messenger of Allah, my mother has died when I was absent. Will it benefit her if I give in charity on her behalf?” He ﷺ said: “Yes.” He said: “I ask you to bear witness that my garden that bears fruit is given in charity on her behalf.” (Bukhari)

Best time to give charity:

Ibn ‘Abbas ؓ reported that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ was the most generous of people in charity, but he was generous to the utmost in the month of Ramadan. Gabriel ؑ would meet him every year during the month of Ramadan until it ended, and Allah’s Messenger  recited to him the Qur’an; and when Gabriel met him Allah’s Messenger was most generous in giving charity like the blowing wind.  (Muslim)

Reward of charity:

“The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is as the likeness of a grain (of corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.”

(Chapter 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 261)

Abu Huraira ؓ reported Allah’s Messenger  ﷺ as saying: charity does not in any way decrease the wealth and the servant who forgives Allah adds to his respect, and the one who shows humility Allah elevates him in the estimation (of the people). (Muslim)

Narrated Abu Huraira ؓ: The Prophet ﷺ said, “Seven people will be shaded by Allah under His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His. They are: (1) a just ruler; (2) a young man who has been brought up in the worship of Allah, (i.e. worship Allah (Alone) sincerely from his childhood), (3) a man whose heart is attached to the mosque (who offers the five compulsory congregational prayers in the mosque); (4) two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause only; (5) a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for an illegal sexual intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allah; (6) a person who practices charity so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity). (7) a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes get flooded with tears.”  (Agreed Upon)

The Prophet ﷺ said: “Charity extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire.” (Tirmidhi classed as Sahih by al-Albaani)

It was narrated from Abu Huraira ؓ that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Allah said: ‘Spend, O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.’” (Agreed Upon)

Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: